Following this defeat, he was driven into exile in Persia. MERITS OF LAND REVENUE SYSTEM Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire cultivable land of his empire using a unit called Sikandari … He was the son of a petty Afghan Jagirdar. Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. Sher Shah was a capable military and civilian administrator. cuffed by his stepparent, he left home at associate early age. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … He took personal interest in the appointment and training of soldiers. The author Aslam Rahi MA penned the lifecycle, wars, and reforms of Sultan Shair Shah of Sur. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Sher Shah Suri(1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empirein India, with its capital in Sasaramin modern-day Bihar. His military reforms were those of Ala-ud-din Khalji and even his revenue administration was not really new and original. Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender.. 2. Which Sikh Guru’s Martyrdom took place during Jahangir’s reign? Akbar also followed these practices and organised … So much is he famous for this supposed achievement, that even today, it is called Sher Shah Suri Marg. He organizes his army to be more efficient. The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Answer. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. Which Mughal Emperor was defeated by Sher Shah Suri? Uesugi Kenshin (1530 AD – 1578 AD) – Japanese daimyo who was one of the most powerful lords of the Sengoku Period, fighting many battles with Takeda Shingen. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. sher shah suri is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can get it instantly. Question 5. Make a comparative review of the agrarian reforms of Alau-ud-Din Khalji and Sher Shah Suri. MILITARY ORGANIZATION. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. Numerous civil works were carried out during his short reign. Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri. Humayun was defeated by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri and the Battle of Chausa (near Buxar in Bihar) in 1539. 2. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. His original name was Farid. Besides, … Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory.. 3. He declared he would kill every Afghan who refused to be a soldier. Later, in the 16th century, it was re-built by Emperor Sher Shah Suri (1472-1545) and re-christened as Sadak-e-Azam (meaning the Great Road) primarily for military and administrative reasons. Shēr Shah of Sūr, emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. As the Sultan, he improved the administration, carried out currency and revenue reforms, systematised military by reintroducing dagh and chehra, built highways, provided for amenities for travellers, delivered justice, patronised learned men, showed liberal attitude towards non-Muslim objects. He Was not only a great conqueror but also showed greater qualities as an administrator. Akbar later built on these reforms and extended them further. His main care was the military organization for the safety of the Kingdom against invasion or internal disorder. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. The salaries of the soldiers and the officers were fixed according to their skill and ability. But he breathed a new spirit in these old institutions and turned them into instruments of popular good. Answer: (d) 1605-1627 AD. SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri, “The Lion King”, founding father of the Suri family, was born in 1472 in geographic area. The extent of his empire . There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Answer: (b) Humayun. The Muslim sovereigns of India were chiefly Turks, Afghans or Mongols (Mughals) whose administrative policies were based partly on the Shariah and partly on their own customary usages. He had both civil and military power in his hands. There were four ministers to assist him. Many of these reforms pertained to the army, but the principal reforms for which he is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. The Mughals presided over one of the richest empires of its time for 150 years – from the return of Humayun from Persia in 1554 till the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. Sher Shah (شیرشاہ) was a visionary ruler and introduced many military and civil reforms. Bahar Khan Lohani of independent ruler of South Bihar (1522) gave him the title ‘Sher Khan’ for killing a tiger single-handed in a hunting adventure, … Sher Shah’s land revenue reforms, based on wise and humane principles, have unique importance in the administrative history of India; for they served as the model for future agrarian systems. These rulers spent a fortune on raising architectural wonders throughout their domains. He adopted Hazrat-i-Ala. Q. The nature of the dynamics in the party needs to be understood before making false analogies with the Mughals and Sher Shah Suri. Governor Shah Farman stresses olive plant growing, honeybee farming Anti-Corruption Establishment recovers Rs1.03b in 2020 KP loses 8 more people to coronavirus All this clearly demonstrates his extra-ordinary qualities of his hand, head and heart. Sher Shah's political system was monarchical. He established a large standing disciplined, efficient and strong army. He set up reforms in various areas. Sher Shah was a great expansionist and wanted to expand his kingdom. Sher Shah Suri set up a strong army. What reforms did Sher Shah introduce to make his army efficient? He introduced several military reforms and supervised the recruitment of the soldiers personally. Answer. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. 1. (iv) Military Reforms : Sher Shah was very keen upon increasing the efficiency of his army. 3. 4. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. He had an unhappy childhood. An ethnic Afghan, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empirein 1538. And fortune thus favoured him; After driving out Humayun from Hindustan, An Afghan of humble origin, he had risen through military service to be well placed to take advantage of temporary Mughal weakness. The despotism of the highest order could be seen in the politico admin system created Sher shah was the first who attempted to to found an empire broadly based upon the people’s will. He regained his kingdom in 1555 after the end of rule of Suri Dynasty. The system of tri-metalism which came to characterize Mughal coinage was largely the creation of Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri followed Sultanate pattern. Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. (a) 1526-1530 AD (b) 1530-1556 AD (c) 1556-1605 AD (d) 1605-1627 AD. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. (a) Babur (b) Humayun (c) Akbar (d) Jahangir. He was born in 1486AD. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shahbecame his successor. What is the ruling period of Jahangir? Reforms of Sher shah:-Sher Shah was , according to all Estimates a man of varied talents and extraordinary genius. Sher Shah introduced the following military reforms: 1. Question 4. Originally called Farid, Sher Shah Suri was born near Hoshiarpur in Punjab. Sher Shah was a great conqueror as well as administrator of medieval India. Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. Sher Shah had a vast empire for administration. He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. He introduced the system of taking down the descriptive rolls and branding the horses to prevent corruption and the evil practice of salse musters. Military reforms of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri (also Sher Khan) realized the need of a strong army and in his fight against the Mughals he relied mostly on the Afghans whom he invited from different parts of the country and employed them to positions suitable to everybody’s ability. He was the source of all power. He introduced the currency of rupee. He also maintains the descriptive roles of soldiers to avoid malpractices in the army. Our book servers hosts in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Sher Shah was an Afghan landlord of Sehsaram in Bengal who defeated the Humayun, the son of Babur and the emperor of the Mughal dynasty. Part of Sher Shah Suri's original Grand Trunk Road - the great thoroughfare of northern India . Sher Shah Suri (1486 AD ... Chinese military general of the Ming Dynasty notable for his military reforms and his defeat of the Wokou pirates. 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