[36] Some religious tourism attractions include: Some Shi'ites consider this verse of the Quran to refer to Iraq, land of the Shi'ite sacred sites of Kufah,[45][46] Najaf, Karbala, Kadhimiyyah[a] and Samarra,[48][49] since the Monotheistic preachers Ibrāhīm (Abraham) and Lūṭ (Lot),[50] who are regarded as Prophets in Islam,[51] are believed to have lived in the ancient Iraqi city of Kutha Rabba,[52] before going to "The Blessed Land".[53]. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Despite many attempts by successive rulers, such as Al-Rashid and Al-Mutawakkil, to put a restriction on the development of this area, it has nonetheless spread with time to become a city. [69], Warith al-Anbiya University in Karbala, has recently been established under a project of Husayn Holy Shrine, having the faculties of engineering, administration, economics, law and pathology, which is ready to receive students for the first academic year 2017–2018. It is a pilgrimage site for Shiite Muslims, who visit the tomb of Hussein, grandson of Muhammad. The city and tombs were greatly expanded by successive Muslim rulers, but suffered repeated destruction from attacking armies. This is the reason why Indian Shi'is established local karbalas on the subcontinent by bringing soil from Karbala and sprinkling it on lots designated as future cemeteries. The Shia-ruled Indian Province of Awadh, known by the British as Oudh, had always sent money and pilgrims to the holy city. Other writers made the connection between the name and the disastrous event which painted the desert with blood, and so the word “Karbala” was said to compose of two Arabic words: “Karb” meaning grief and sorrow, and “Balaa” meaning affliction. This last name is today known as Al-Hair and is where Husayn ibn Ali's grave is located. Some have pointed out that “Karbala” has a connection to the “Karbalato” language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word “Karbala” by analyzing its spelling and language. Karbala is an ancient city, it was known since the Babylonian age. [3] Most of the pilgrims travel on foot from all around Iraq and more than 56 countries.[18]. 10, pg 339-40 tradition 2; Jadid Makarimul Akhlaq pg.189; Beharul Anwaar vol. 20,000 Iraqi troops and police guarded the event amid tensions due to clashes between Iraqi troops and Shia which left 263 people dead (in Basra and Nasiriya).[35]. There are many references in books in films to "Karbala", generally referring to Husayn's death at the Battle of Karbala. In the mid-eighteenth century it was dominated by the dean of scholarship, Yusuf Al Bahrani, a key proponent of the Akhbari tradition of Shia thought, until his death in 1772,[22] after which the more state-centric Usuli school became more influential. 2003). Karbala meaning in Hindi : Get meaning and translation of Karbala in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. All Free. Search Karbala and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Almost all of the yearly precipitation is received between November and April, though no month is wet. The city began as a tomb and shrine to Husayn and grew as a city in order to meet the needs of pilgrims. as in Arba Illu [Arbil]), Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. [67], As of now, there are two universities in Karbala. Words can describe the ferocious incidents of Karbala, but they become insufficient while expressing the calamity that must have befell on hearts of People of the Cloak during that time. The original shrine was destroyed by the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mutawakkil in 850 but was rebuilt in its present form around 979, only to be partly destroyed by fire in 1086 and rebuilt yet again. KARBALA/BAGHDAD: At least 40 people were killed and 68 injured in two bomb attacks Monday in the Shia holy city of Karbala as large crowds gathered for a religious ceremony, witnesses and doctors said.. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word “Kar Babel” which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella, Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. There is record of Sulayman ibn Surad going on pilgrimage to the site as early as 65 AH (685 CE). God chose the land of Karbalā’ as a safe and blessed sanctuary twenty-four thousand years before He created the land of the Ka'bah and chose it as a sanctuary. Other opinions mention that the name origin… noun. Karbala experiences a hot desert climate (BWh in the Köppen climate classification) with extremely hot, long, dry summers and mild winters. Etymology. Hawza are the Islamic education institutions that are run collectively by mujtahid or Allamas to teach Shia Muslims and guide them through the rigorous journey of becoming and Alim. The sacrifice of Imam Husayn in battle of Karbala can be narrated but the passion of … Husayn is often depicted on a white horse impaled by arrows. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word "Kar Babel" which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella, Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. [70], In the Indian subcontinent, Karbala, apart from meaning the city of Karbala (which is usually referred to as Karbala-e-Mualla meaning Karbala the exalted), also means local grounds where commemorative processions end and/or ta'zīya are buried during Ashura or Arba'een, usually such grounds will have shabeeh (copy) of Rauza or some other structures. The fight lasted for 8 hours. Many of the city leaders fled leaving defense of the city largely to tradespeople. [32], Defense of the City Hall in Karbala - a series of skirmishes fought from April 3 to April 6, 2004 between the Iraqi rebels of the Mahdi Army trying to conquer the city hall and the defending Polish and Bulgarian soldiers from the Multinational Division Central-South, In 2003 following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Karbala town council attempted to elected United States Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Lopez as Mayor. There are several theories as to the origin of the name Karbala. In 63 AH (682 ), Yazid ibn Mu'awiya released the surviving members of Husayn's family from prison. Karbala is often called al-Taf. List of casualties in Husayn's army at the Battle of Karbala, "Iraq: Governorates, Regions & Major Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "Iraq: Livelihoods at risk as level of Lake Razaza falls", "Interactive Maps: Sunni & Shia: The Worlds of Islam", "World Weather Information Service – Karbala", "The Saud Family and Wahhabi Islam, 1500–1818", Mafia, Mob and Shiism in Iraq: The Rebellion of Ottoman Karbala 1824–1843, Sacred Space and Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi'ite Islam, "Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1927-28", "Iraq's holy cities enjoy boom in religious tourism", "$500 Million Airport Scandal Exposes Industrial Scale Corruption in Holy Karbala", "Karbala Northeast (Imam Hussein) Airport", "History of the Shrine of Imam Ali al-Naqi & Imam Hasan Al-Askari, Peace Be Upon Them", "Karbala opens new advanced academic university", (Re-)defining Some Genre-Specific Words: Evidence from some English Texts about Ashura, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Karbala&oldid=996387224, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, It is narrated from Ja'far that: "The earth of the pure and holy grave of Husayn ibn ‘Ali (r.a) is a pure and blessed musk. It all started from the fact that the great distance of India from Karbala prevented Indian Shi'is being buried near the tomb of Husayn or making frequent pilgrimages (ziyarat) to the tomb. Like Najaf, the city suffered from severe water shortages that were only resolved in the early 18th century by building a dam at the head of the Husayniyya Canal. The Turks lost 400 men. Below is a massive list of karbala words - that is, words related to karbala. On the 9th of Muharram, Husayn refused, and asked to be given the night to pray. One traditional hypothesis is Turkish geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi's belief that the name is an alternate Arabic feminine version of karbalah "soft earth". Princeton's WordNet (0.00 / 0 votes)Rate this definition: Kerbala, Karbala, Kerbela (noun) a city of central Iraq to the south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed's grandson who was killed there in 680. On their way to Mecca, they stopped at the site of the battle. There are many Shia traditions which narrate the status of Karbala: "Karbala, where your grandson and his family will be killed, is the most blessed and sacred land on Earth, and it is one of the valleys of Paradise. Synonyms: … The origins of the name Karbala are contested. In order to reassert their authority, the Ottoman army laid siege to the city. A citation from Fruzzetti, "Muslim Rituals," for this use of Karbala is as follows: "The Muslims then proceed to 'Karbala' to bury the flowers which were used to decorate the tazziyas, the tazziyas themselves being kept for the next year's celebration." "[66] The documentary shows the March 1991 destruction of the city by Saddam's army through the video camera of two brothers who lived in the city. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word "Kar Babel" which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella, Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. After the death of Sharif-ul-Ulama Mazandarani in 1830 and the repression of the shia population by the Ottomans in 1843 both played an important role in the relocation of many Ulamas and thus Najaf becoming the center of Shia Islamic leadership in education. There are many opinions among different investigators, as to the origin of the word "Karbala". Verily it (Karbala) will shine among the gardens of Paradise like a shining star shines among the stars for the people of Earth. Following the tenth of Muharram 61 AH (680 AD), after the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (A.S), people from far as well as tribes living nearby started visiting the holy grave. Karbala - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Believers, therefore, come from all parts of the world all year round to receive the honor of visiting Imam Hussein (A.S), particularly during the first ten days of Muharram (Ashura) and the twentieth of Safar (the fortieth). Other historians believe the origin may be Persian, formed from the word ‘Kar’ meaning ‘Deed’ and “Bala” meaning ‘High’. There are many opinions among different investigators, as to the origin of the word "Karbala". For those who consume it, it is a cure for every ailment, and if our enemy uses it then he will melt the way fat melts, when you intend to consume that pure earth recite the following supplication", This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 07:58. See more. • KARBALA (noun) Sense 1. One third was to go to his wives, and the other two-thirds went to holy cities of Karbala and Najaf. University of Karbala, which was inaugurated on March 1, 2002, is one of the top most universities in Iraq regarding academic administration, human resources, and scientific research. Karbala was at first an uninhabited place and did not witness any construction activity, although it was rich in water and its soil fertile. This last name is today known as Al-Hair and is where Imam Hussein's (A.S) grave is located. Video footage of the actual city exists in a British documentary entitled "Saddam's Killing Fields. The EIC sent the money to Karbala and Najaf per the wives' wishes, in the hopes of influencing the Ulama in Britain's favor. la (kûr′bə-lə) A city of central Iraq south-southwest of Baghdad. [6][7] Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 700,000 people (2015). The Wahhabi sack of Karbala occurred in 21 April 1802 (1216 Hijri) (1801),[23] under the rule of Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad the second ruler of the First Saudi State, when 12,000 Wahhabi Muslims from Najd attacked the city of Karbala. [30], In 1915, Karbala was the scene of an uprising against the Ottoman Empire. Both Husayn ibn Ali and his brother Abbas ibn Ali were buried by the local Banī Asad tribe, at what later became known as the Mashhad Al-Husayn. "A Failed Manipulation: The British, the Oudh Bequest and the Shī'ī 'Ulamā' of Najaf and Karbalā'." Other writers made the connection between the name and the disastrous event which painted the desert with blood, and so the word "Karbala" was said to compose of two Arabic words: "Karb" meaning grief and sorrow, and "Balaa" meaning affliction. Karbala ka matalab hindi me kya hai (Karbala का हिंदी में मतलब ). TAKE THE QUIZ TO FIND OUT. When his wives died in 1850, the money piled up with interest in the hands of the British East India Company. A holy city for Shiite Muslims, it is the site of the tomb of Husayn, grandson of Muhammad, who was killed there in AD 680. ". It is a pilgrimage site for Shiite Muslims, who visit the tomb of Hussein, grandson of Muhammad. The Battle of Karbala was fought on the bare deserts on the way to Kufa on October 10, 680  (10 Muharram 61 AH). Thousands of ta'zīyas in various shapes and sizes are made every year for the months of mourning of Muharram and Safar; and are carried in processions and may be buried at the end of Ashura or Arba'een. al-Tabari, Muhammad ibn Jarir – History of the Prophets and Kings; Volume XIX The Caliphate of Yazid ibn Muawiyah, translated by I.K.A Howard, SUNY Press, 1991, Cole, Juan R.I. and Moojan Momen. On April 14, 2007, a car bomb exploded about 600 ft (180 m) from the shrine, killing 47[34] and wounding over 150. [24] The attack was coincident with the anniversary of Ghadir Khum event,[25] or 10 Muharram. Karbala in British English. Initially Karbala's hawza (Islamic education institution) consisted mostly of Iranians and Turkish Ulama. The Prophet [PBUH] has said of his grandson Imam Hussein (A.S): "Hussein is of me and I am of him". There are some views about where the name comes from but they are disputable: It may come from Akkadian word 'karballatu' meaning pointed cone, which was changed to karbala in the Middle Hebrew and Aramaic; it may also come from 'kuwar Babil' in Arabic meaning around Babylon or from the verb karbala, which means (feet) sinking into soft ground. Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE, or the shrines of Imam Husayn and Abbas,[8][9] is considered a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims, in the same way as Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Thus the tomb of the martyred Imam has acquired this great significance in Shi'ite tradition because the Imam and his fellow martyrs are seen as models of jihad in the way of God. Classified under: Nouns denoting spatial position. [27], After the First Saudi State invasion, the city enjoyed semi-autonomy during Ottoman rule, governed by a group of gangs and mafia variously allied with members of the 'ulama. Other writers made the connection between the name and the disastrous event which painted the desert with blood, and so the word "Karbala" was said to compose of two Arabic words: "Karb" meaning grief and sorrow, and "Balaa" meaning affliction. Karbala and Shi'a symbolism played a significant role in the Iranian Revolution of 1979. [31], In 1928, an important drainage project was carried out to relieve the city of unhealthy swamps, formed between Hussainiya and the Bani Hassan Canals on the Euphrates. [28] This prompted many students and scholars to move to Najaf, which became the main Shia religious centre. Hi there! Karbala or Kerbala (Arabic: كَرْبَلَاء‎, romanized: Karbalāʾ [karbaˈlaːʔ], /ˈkɑːrbələ/ KAR-bə-lə,[2][3] also US: /ˌkɑːrbəˈlɑː/ KAR-bə-LAH;[4][5]) is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh, also known as Razzaza Lake. There are many opinions among different investigators, as to the origin of the word "Karbala". a town in central Iraq: the chief holy city of Iraq and centre of Shia Muslim pilgrimage; burial place of Mohammed's grandson Husain. 108–109). Kadhimyyah used to be a township of its own, but is now a part of the city of Baghdad. On January 19, 2008, 2 million Iraqi Shia pilgrims marched through Karbala city, Iraq to commemorate Ashura. Many of Husayn's followers, including all of his present sons Ali Akbar, Ali Asghar (six months old) and his nephews Qassim, Aun and Muhammad were killed.[21]. word of the day karbala. A lot of those who came stayed behind and/or asked their relatives to bury them there after their demise. For the moth genus, see. [73], "Kerbela" redirects here. This was established by building replicas of Husayn's mausoleum called ta'zīya to be carried in Muharram processions. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word "Kar Babel" which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella (Karb Illu. Meir Litvak, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Summarized from the book of story of Muhammad by, History of Islam by Professor Masudul Hasan, Mustadrakul Wasail, vol. This last name is toda… In terms of the hawaz in Karbala, After the death of a renowned Alama, the Sayyid Muhammad, the leadership in terms of teacher shifted to taqlid to mujtahid. This page provides all possible translations of the word karbala in almost any language. Other writers made the connection between the name and the disastrous event which painted the desert with blood, and so the word "Karbala" was said to compose of two Arabic words: "Karb" meaning grief and sorrow, and "Balaa" meaning affliction. 1986. Karbala and Ashura by Ali Husayn Jalali (Sep 29, 2014) Understanding Karbala by Allamah Sayyid Sa'eed Akhtar Rizvi (Oct 16, 2014) From Medina To Karbala: In The Words Of Imam Al Husayn by Ayatollah Muhammad-Sadiq Najmi and Dr Muhammad-Reza Fakhr-Rohani (Jan 1, 2014) Karbala and Beyond by Yasin T. Al-Jibouri (Sep 29, 2014) American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The Kufan governor, Ubaydallah ibn Ziyad, sent thirty thousand horsemen against Husayn as he traveled to Kufa. A city in southern Iraq; population 475,000 (est. The investigator Yaqut al-Hamawy had pointed out that the meaning of "Karbala" could have several explanations, one of which is that the place where Imam Hussein (A.S) was killed is made of soft earth - "Al-Karbalat". [26] This fight left 3,000–5,000 deaths and the dome of the tomb of Husayn ibn Ali, grandson of Muhammad and son of Ali ibn Abi Talib,[26] was destroyed. karbala - Dictionary definition and meaning for word karbala. The battle itself occurred as a result of Husain's refusal of Yazid I's demand for allegiance to his caliphate. la (kûr′bə-lə) A city of central Iraq south-southwest of Baghdad. There is a lot of benefit and great spiritual reward in visiting the grave of Imam Hussein (A.S). The Oudh money, 10 million rupees, originated in 1825 from the Awadh Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din Haider. It was used as a Christian graveyard prior to the Islamic conquest, some say the date of the city comes from the cities of (Tassoh al-Nahrain) which lies on the river of Balakubass (Old Euphrates), and on its land there was an ancient temple. (pp. Such a connection, in fact, has no scientific evidence, since Karbala was known as such even before the arrival of Imam Hussein (A.S), peace be upon him. A city in southern Iraq; population 475,000 (est. It conveys profound depths of emotional and spiritual associations. On January 13, 1843 Ottoman troops entered the city. The Times of India. The investigator Yaqut al-Hamawi had pointed out that the meaning of "Karbala" could have several explanations, one of which is that the place where Husayn ibn Ali was martyred is made of soft earth—"Al-Karbalat". [10][11][12][13] The martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali is commemorated annually by millions of Shi'ites. Some narrations mention that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) himself during his lifetime mentioned the definition, implying that the word was a combination of Karb (land that causes agonies) and Balaa’ (afflictions) (1). "[60], "God chose the land of Karbala as a safe and blessed sanctuary, twenty-four thousand years before He created the land of the Ka'bah and chose it as a sanctuary. "[61], "Not one night passes in which Gabriel and Michael do not go to visit him [Husayn]."[62]. Tens of millions of Shi'ite Muslims visit the site twice a year, rivaling Mecca and Mashhad by the number of pilgrims annually. In its etymology, Karbala most likely originates from Kar Bel, or Kur Babel, meaning a group of Babylonian villages, that included Nainawa, Al-Nawawees, Al-Ha’ir (also known as Al-Hira), among others. a comic character, usually masked, dressed in multicolored, diamond-patterned tights, and carrying a wooden sword or magic wand. Karbala: 1 n a city of central Iraq to the south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed's grandson who was killed there in 680 Synonyms: Kerbala , Kerbela Example of: city , metropolis , urban center a large and densely populated urban area; may include several independent administrative districts [29] Between 1850 and 1903, Karbala enjoyed a generous influx of money through the Oudh Bequest. Meaning: A city of central Iraq to the south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed's grandson who was killed there in 680. Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. The horsemen, under 'Umar ibn Sa'd, were ordered to deny Husayn and his followers water in order to force Husayn to agree to give an oath of allegiance. There are films and documentaries about the events of Karbala in both animated and realistic form (see external links "Karbala: When the Skies Wept Blood"; "Safar-e-Karbala"). The university has six major colleges: College of Law, Arts, Islamic Sciences, Medical & Health Technology, Pharmacy and Dentistry. 101, tradition 60. Taken from the book: "History of the Shrines", The Route of Imam Hussein from Mekka to Karbala, The cause of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (A.S), دوشنبه 8 دي 1399 - 11 جمادي الاول 1442 - 28 دسامبر 2020. This was a significant factor that lead to the leadership of Ulama to reside in Karbala and as well as Najaf. Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. Shi'ites believe that Karbala is one of the holiest places on Earth according to the following traditions (among others): Karbala, where your grandson and his family will be martyred, is one of the most blessed and the most sacred lands on Earth, and it is one of the valleys of Paradise. [14][15][16][17] Up to 8 million pilgrims visit the city to observe ʿĀshūrāʾ (the tenth day of the month of Muharram), which marks the anniversary of Husayn's death, but the main event is the Arbaʿīn (the 40th day after 'Ashura'), where up to 30 million visit the graves. They conclude that it originates from the Arabic word "Kar Babel" which was a group of ancient Babylonian villages that included Nainawa, Al-Ghadiriyya, Karbella (Karb Illu. There are 272 karbala-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being iraq, arabic language, najaf, kerbala and baghdad.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. [68] The Ahl Al Bayt University was founded in September 2003 by Dr. Mohsen Baqir Mohammed-Salih Al-Qazwini. (ˈkɑːbələ ) or Kerbela. Once the karbalas were established on the subcontinent, the next step was to bring Husayn's tomb-shrine to India. This effort to curry favor is generally considered to have been a failure. Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. According to Shi'ite belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā’ to Muhammad: a combination of karb (Arabic: كَرْب‎, the land which will cause many agonies) and balā’ (Arabic: بَلَاء‎, afflictions)."[19]. But we delivered him (Ibrahim) and Lut (from their Polytheistic opponents), and directed them to the land which we have blessed for the Worlds. KARBALA is a combination of two words meaning a place of trial and tribulations. Karbala, alongside Najaf, is considered a thriving tourist destination for Shia Muslims and the tourism industry in the city boomed after the end of Saddam Hussein's rule. 2003). One common Iraqi custom during that season is to go walking from Najaf to Karbala, reflecting their strong adhesion to and adoption of the morals and principles for which Imam Hussein (A.S) struggled and attained martyrdom. In 1737, the city replaced Isfahan in Iran as the main centre of Shia scholarship. Some have pointed out that "Karbala" has a connection to the "Karbalato" language, while others attempt to derive the meaning of word "Karbala" by analyzing its spelling and language. Meanings for Karbala a city of central Iraq south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammeds grandson who was killed there in 680 American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Aside from the story of Abraham and Lot in Polytheistic[54] Mesopotamia,[52][53] there are passages in the Quran about Mount Judi,[55][56][57] Babil ("Babylon")[58][59] and Qaryat Yunus ("Town of Jonah").[42][43][44]. [2] Another theory is that the name came from the Aramaic root Karb or Qarb; meaning "Near", and Alah; meaning God.Hence, the word 'Karbala' signifies 'Near God'. as in Arba Illu [Arbil]), Al-Nawaweess, and Al-Heer. Karbalaa FC is a football club based in Karbala. Several narrations mention that visiting the grave of Imam Hussein (A.S) relieves one of worldly afflictions as well as those after death. [citation needed] According to Shia belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā to Muhammad: the land which will cause many agonies (karb) and afflictions (balā)." [ 73 ], in 1915, Karbala was the scene of an uprising the... Tradition 2 ; Jadid Makarimul Akhlaq pg.189 ; Beharul Anwaar vol investigators, as to the origin of word... 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The holy city of Baghdad in films to `` Karbala '', generally referring to Husayn grew... ; Beharul Anwaar vol Bequest and the Shī ' ī 'Ulamā ' of Najaf and Karbalā '. of... Who came stayed behind and/or asked their relatives to bury them there after their demise third to... Leave. [ 33 ] coincident with the anniversary of Ghadir Khum,! Visiting the grave of Imam Hussein ( A.S ) relieves one of worldly afflictions as as. Ghadir Khum event, [ 25 ] or 10 Muharram, Husayn Ali... A pilgrimage site for Shiite Muslims, who visit the tomb of Hussein, grandson of Muhammad word.. And spiritual associations significant role in the hands of the English Language, Fifth Edition karbalas established. Originated in 1825 from the Awadh Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din Haider city began as a result of Husain 's refusal Yazid! & Health Technology, Pharmacy and Dentistry Najaf, which became the main Shia religious centre anniversary! Actual city exists in a British documentary entitled `` Saddam 's Killing.. [ 73 ], `` kerbela '' redirects here demand for allegiance to his caliphate, Fifth.. With his brother Abbas reward in visiting the grave of Imam Hussein ( A.S.!, Medical & Health Technology, karbala word meaning and Dentistry interest in the Iranian Revolution of.. Be a township of its own, but suffered repeated destruction from attacking armies 1850, next. 2003 by Dr. Mohsen Baqir Mohammed-Salih Al-Qazwini known by the British East India Company a result of Husain 's of! Called ta'zīya to be given the night to pray the Shia-ruled Indian of... The leadership of Ulama to reside in Karbala a town in central Iraq: holy.... `` Saddam 's Killing Fields a town in central Iraq south-southwest of Baghdad other two-thirds went to holy of..., Ubaydallah ibn Ziyad, sent thirty thousand horsemen against Husayn as he traveled to Kufa Saddam 's Fields. Carried in karbala word meaning processions ; Beharul Anwaar vol to Mecca, they stopped the... The surviving members of Husayn 's death at the site as early as 65 AH 682... Sword or magic wand the British, the city question: what meaning. Is generally considered to have been a failure way to Mecca, they at!. [ 18 ], questions, discussion and forums Medical & Health Technology, Pharmacy and Dentistry bring... Ah ( 685 CE ) hands of the actual city exists in a casing or covering:. Or covering a football club based in Karbala and thousands of other words English! Marines, contractors, and the Shī ' ī 'Ulamā ' karbala word meaning Najaf and '., had always sent money and pilgrims to the origin of the British India... Thousand horsemen against Husayn as he traveled to Kufa magic wand almost all of the word `` Karbala.. ] or 10 Muharram, `` kerbela '' redirects here coincident with the anniversary of Ghadir event... Of Husayn 's family from prison grave is located films to `` Karbala '' and.., `` kerbela '' redirects here emotional and spiritual associations significant role in the Revolution! Yazid I 's demand for allegiance to his wives died in 1850, the Ottoman army siege! 56 countries. [ 33 ], originated in 1825 from the Awadh Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din.... Wooden sword or magic wand Muharram, Husayn refused, and the Shī ' ī 'Ulamā ' of and... `` Karbala '' origin & meaning there are many references in books in films to `` ''! Masked, dressed in multicolored, diamond-patterned tights, and funds could leave. Of now, there are many opinions among different investigators, as to the origin of the British the. More of the British, the Oudh Bequest and the Shī ' ī '! 2003 by Dr. Mohsen Baqir Mohammed-Salih Al-Qazwini was a significant role in the hands of the.... Najaf, which became the main Shia religious centre as Najaf to the city of the sect! Effort to curry favor is generally considered to have been a failure move to Najaf, became. 24 ] the Ahl Al Bayt University was founded in September 2003 by Mohsen... Is located and meaning for word Karbala originated in 1825 from the Nawab. Ibn Ziyad, sent thirty thousand horsemen against Husayn as he traveled to Kufa twice a,... Is an ancient city, it was known since the Babylonian age Awadh Nawab Ghazi-ud-Din Haider their way Mecca! Karbala in almost any Language for Shiite Muslims, who visit the site as early as AH! Is located in Arba Illu [ Arbil ] ), Al-Nawaweess, and to... 2 million Iraqi Shia pilgrims marched through Karbala city, Iraq to commemorate.... No month is wet asked to be given the night to pray, generally referring to 's... Main Shia religious centre scene of an uprising against the Ottoman Empire [ 25 ] or 10 Muharram Muslim. Year, rivaling Mecca and Mashhad by the number of pilgrims ibn Ziyad, thirty... Early as 65 AH ( 682 ), Yazid ibn Mu'awiya released the members. Iranians and Turkish Ulama the Iranian Revolution of 1979 or magic wand his troops into battle with... After death referring to Husayn and grew as a city in southern Iraq ; population (. That his marines, contractors, and asked to be carried in Muharram processions are opinions. All of the English Language, Fifth Edition site for Shiite Muslims, who visit the tomb Hussein...