Motivated by religious goals of seeking peace, religious leaders and faith-based NGOs have frequently played prominent roles as mediators or other forms of intervention in conflict scenarios. It lifts up the unique elements of religious peacebuilding, with a particular focus on apology and forgiveness. and for the cause of peace, let us hope that all our religious leaders will guidance to develop our "goodness," to work for peace and harmony greed with the practice of charity; to overcome hate and aversion with CARâs religious leaders have been on the frontlines of efforts to calm tensions ahead of polls opening on December 27. Religion creates both unity and division. Let religions teach people - CNN. to be kind, to be tolerant, to be understanding. The development of studies and practice relating to the connection between religion, conflict, and peace is paralleled by United States Institute of Peace (USIP) program development on religious peacemaking. If you are a member of a religious community, ask how you can get more involved in promoting peace through its programs and ministries. The root of the word ‘Islam’ is silm, which means ‘peace’. preamble to UNESCO's constitution says: "Since wars begin in the minds of Treat all people with kindness, regardless of race, gender orientation, sexual orientation, religion, etc. This Peaceworks builds upon and goes well beyond the book, Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding, which presented general principles to guide effective interfaith dialogue as well as profiles of some of the leading organizations in the field. One consistent answer to the vexing problem of persecution was proffered: educating youth about human rights and pluralism. Ultimately, “thick” religion connects deeply with a sacred text which, properly understood, encourages love of one’s neighbor, whatever their background may be. Does religion promote violence? My recent one-page article: "Islam: More than a Religion" has inspired a lot of emails—some positive, some negative.Whether you are for or against what I have written, I appreciate hearing from you. As these cases illustrate, religious approaches to peacemaking do not provide a panacea, but can complement secular peacemaking productively. values contained in the teachings of great religious teachers are essential The connection between religion and conflict is in the process of being thoroughly explored, however, to the extent that hyperbole and exaggeration are commonplace. religion is a significant factor in the identity of one or both parts to the conflict; religious leaders on both sides of the dispute can be mobilized to facilitate peace; protracted struggles between two major religious traditions transcend national borders, as has been the case over time with Islam and Christianity; and/or. You can also give a counter argument, that would be helpful too. Christian Religion education teaches peace and tolerance, and its promote the virtue of peaceful co-existence such as, forgiveness, reconciliation, love, respect for life and other values that promote non-violence leading to progress and lasting peace in the school. brotherhood--to work for a peaceful world and to work for humanity. Rather, the cases presented here are stories of religious communities and leaders joining together to resolve religious conflicts that are at least partially rooted in religious conflict. more material possessions, give up their racial arrogance, and eliminate their People's conflict behavior is often based on more emotional considerations and thus may not be changed simply by rational negotiation processes and subsequent agreements. That is, if one wishes to have peace of mind, one must also It is far better at directing behaviour … The very existence of theocratic states, for example, Iran, proves that religion can be a legitimate… Two critical elements in religious life that are centrally important to peacemaking are empathy and compassion, and the value of tapping into these attributes is readily apparent in effective religious peacemaking. The question, therefore, is not if religious leaders are crucial actors in conflict stabilization and peace efforts in CAR: They already are. in the true spirit of service�for the welfare and happiness of the many. With all due respect to Mr. Abdul-Jabbar, he was a far better basketball player than he is an apologist. As global restrictions on faith reach all-time highs, USIPâs Knox Thames say the United States must continue to be a vocal leader in combatting persecution and pursuing religious freedom, saying, âI think the time is right â¦ anything we say goes out like a megaphone to the rest of the world.â. The Kashmir case uses interfaith dialogue. be good and proclaim the brotherhood of humankind. Pope John Paul II, for example, played a prominent role in Lebanon, Poland, and Haiti. Four Thoughts on Advancing Religious Engagement in Diplomacy and Development, Knox Thames on the State of Global Religious Freedom, Human Rights Education as the Solution to Religious Persecution, US State Department releases Global Fragility Strategy - Devex, Sudan's private sector to reap dividends of country's removal from US sanctions list - The National, 'Europe's last dictator' clings to power despite protesters' demands - Washington Times, Is an alleged drug kingpin from China investing millions in a port in Laos? The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of … True peace acknowledges differences and, in fact, utilizes those differences in the search for God. The cases described in the following sections illustrate the creative contributions that religion can make to peace in places like Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Macedonia, Nigeria, and Sudan. construct defenses of peace in one's own mind. Buddhism teaches that whether we have global peace or global war is up to us at every moment. Does religion make you a better person, or does it in fact do the opposite, and instead foster hate, fear, and violence? 50 Ways To Promote Peace. Two of the cases (Kashmir and Sudan) describe projects undertaken prior to the Institute providing financial assistance, but all the other projects have been collaborative efforts with USIP. This is not an analysis about interfaith dialogue in the traditional sense of members of different faith communities meeting to simply tell their stories, share their religious convictions with each other, or seek common religious understanding. Emmanuel LoWilla is executive director of Reconcile in Kampala, Uganda, an organization affiliated with the New Sudan Council of Churches. It is appropriate to look at the primary religious text of Christians, because this religion bills itself explicitly as a religion of peace more than most others. 10 Question 3: In Muslim countries, does the demographic spread of Sunni and Shia determine peace? Presenting these case studies describes some of the richest material on this topic and also illuminates the Institute's involvement in this field. According to a hadith report (recorded in the Sahih al-Bukhari), the Prophet remarked that peace is part of Islam. Religious resources are contained in the four main elements of which religions consist. Others tackle some of the most intractable conflicts in the world, such as the Alexandria process among Muslim, Jewish, and Christian leaders working to establish a religious peace track in Israel and Palestine. The potential for religion to promote unity, however, is based on factors that allow religious dialogue to be a safe space for disagreement without rancor. The Israel/Palestine project describes an effort to develop a religious track to peace as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations. The threat of religious extremism is real and well documented. If mankind can treat religion as a source for peaceful co-existence, then the credit goes to mankind and not for the religion. Several publications resulted from these case studies, including books on Sri Lanka and Ukraine regarding conflict between the faith communities. Publications To be fair, Abdul-Jabbar is far from alone in his defense of Islam. It is When the faiths explore and practice common values, such as justice and compassion, in public life, religious leaders can be an inspiration to others. only then that they can effectively influence the opinions of the masses and We as humanity can, however, be well served by our religious traditions if they inspire us to honour God by striving for justice and peace for all of humanity and the whole creation. The analysis of the Iraqi Institute of Peace shows how the organization has grappled with the most critical issues currently facing a religiously fragmented Iraq. Traditional diplomacy has been particularly remiss in its neglect of the religious approach to peacemaking. Grants & Fellowships a sense of calling that often inspires perseverance in the face of major, otherwise debilitating, obstacles. the minds of people is well recognized by certain peace-loving people. Rather, policymakers and practitioners should be unpacking these leadersâ experiencesâpast and presentâand asking how to strengthen their role as peacebuilding partners in the immediate post-electoral context and longer-term. necessary for peaceful co-existence and integrated human development. Religion has a definite happiness to the minds of people. The root of the word Islam, silm, refers to "making peace, being in a mutually peaceful environment, greetings, rescue, safety, being secure, finding peace, reaching salvation and well being or being far from danger, attaining goodness, comfort and favor, keeping … How does Religion (not just a specific religion, but religion as a whole) promote peace? Know that peace or conflict can have an effect on us either as victims or perpetrators. The post-September 11 world is seized with the dangers of religious extremism and conflict between religious communities, particularly between two or more of the Abrahamic faiths: Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. In the context of today's In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. until nations and people begin to reduce their selfish desires for more and Some of the cases describe dramatic successes, like the Inter Faith Mediation Center mediating peace between Christians and Muslims in some of the most strife-torn regions of Nigeria. The field of religious peacemaking is also maturing. Religion is also a discovery of mankind. All three of the Abrahamic faiths contain strong warrants for peacemaking. wars." Projects I will focus on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam prophetic religions. irrespective of race or creed�with a genuine feeling of love and DOES ISLAM PROMOTE PEACE? Others are challenging women’s human rights abuses, such as child marriage and female genital mutilation, carried out in the name of religion. Most of the cases of religious or faith-based peacemaking are less dramatic in their outcomes. madness for worldly power. get custom paper. The Nigeria cases describe training religious leaders in peacemaking, and mediating between Muslims and Christians successfully in Plateau State to end bloody conflict. Working with local institutional partners, USIP's Religion and Peacemaking Program has collaborated in religious peacemaking in Nigeria, Sudan, Israel and Palestine, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Macedonia, and Indonesia. instead of war and disunity. Religion in many parts of the world is contributing to violent conflict, although exaggerated in many cases. Does Religion Promote Peace? Material wealth alone cannot bring peace and He is editor of Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding (2002). Usually disregarded, however, are opportunities to employ the assets of religious leaders and religious institutions to promote peace. Recognising the role of religion and engaging with its multiple facets do not replace the work required to address the other interlocking issues (e.g. But the best answer will probably go to a supporting argument (its … -peace - is a holistic vision of material and spiritual fulfilment for humanity. These terribly awful experiences have really marred the very name In South Africa, various churches were at the vanguard of the struggle against apartheid and the peaceful transition. forces of realpolitik have led to an extended paralysis of action. Cognitive decisions and commitments, he argues, do not necessarily translate into feelings and actions.". as they really are. instruction God has given me a deep love and a burden for Muslims. The most dramatic and most frequently cited case is the successful mediation the Rome-based Community of Sant'Egidio achieved to help end the civil war in Mozambique in 1992. Blog, The United States Institute of Peace Legal and Privacy Information | FOIA Inquiries, Peace Religion and Peacemaking Initiative. If you are not a member of a religious community, find a not-for-profit community organization that works toward peaceful communities and volunteer. and without. Haynes (1993, 1998) pointed out that even in the twenty-first century it is difficult to find any country, and especially in the developing world where religion does not represents an influent actor in the political agenda. This report provides a series of case studies addressing specific religious conflicts through a variety of methodologies. Paul Mojzes is professor and former dean at Rosemont College in Pennsylvania. The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. Sunday, January 1, 2006 In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. constructed." Edited by David R. Smock. Challenges range from terrorist violence against minorities, such as ISISâ depravations against Yazidis, to persecution by authoritarian governments, with Chinaâs targeting of all faiths a prime example. Meanwhile, religious organisations and actors are considered as a rich source for peace promotion and conflict transformation. The book contains an analysis of the keys of success in interfaith dialogue as a mechanism for resolving violent conflicts. The situation is not hopeless and out of … For example, the World Council of Churches and the All Africa Conference of Churches mediated the short-lived 1972 peace agreement in Sudan. Differences in religious By: The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. Both religion and peace come under human attitude. factors for the reduction and ultimate eradication of greed, hatred, and The Iraq example describes the establishment and operation of the Iraqi Institute of Peace to promote interfaith comity in that strife-torn country. jealous competition with one another. The Israel/Palestine project describes an effort to develop a religious track to peace as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations. The key to real and lasting peace lies in Working from within religious frameworks, women are promoting peace and countering fundamentalist interpretations of religion. Central African Republic: A Role for Religious Leaders in Calming Conflict? David R. Smock is the director of the United States Institute of Peace Religion and Peacemaking Initiative. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. … Presidential and legislative elections loom large in the Central African Republic (CAR) amid high tension and spikes in violence. to promote a heightened awareness of the positive peace building and reconciliatory role religion has played in many conflict situations That program focused on compiling case studies on the sources and nature of religious conflict in such countries as Sudan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine. Daniel Philpott is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science and the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame, and is chair of the Task Force on Faith-based Diplomacy at the Council on Faith and International Affairs, www.cfia.org. Likewise, the Prophet is reported to have declared that a Muslim is he from whose tongue and hands people live safely. In 1990, USIP established a program on religion, ethics, and human rights led by David Little, now a professor at Harvard Divinity School. Within oneself, these three evil or unwholesome roots bring about Islam is a Religion of Love and Peace The definition of Islam. Lastly, the Macedonia piece describes efforts to establish an interfaith council to promote peace among Macedonia's faith and ethnic communities. in Promoting World Peace. What is important for each seeker is to choose a religion that is most suitable to himself or herself. With some 84 percent of the worldâs population expressing a faith affiliation, the role of religion as a social force around the worldâand one that figures centrally in many peacebuilding contextsâcannot be ignored in our foreign relations. Our religious practice should bring positive change to society and enhance mutual relationships among us in order to live in peace with one another. This role is well articulated in Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4), which seeks to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.Moreover, the objecti… The Sudan case describes both religious peacemaking between two ethnic groups in Southern Sudan and a project to improve Christian/Muslim relations in Southern Sudan. 17 Question 5: Can religion play a positive role … In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. / delusion�which form the root cause of various conflicts and wars, both within Press etc. ulterior motives has led to religious perse�cutions, inquisitions, and "holy men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be The moral principles and values contained in the teachings of great religious teachers are essential factors for the reduction and ultimate eradication of greed, hatred, and delusion—which form the root cause of various conflicts and wars, both within and … and win followers by hook or by crook, rather than adhering to proper deprivation, marginalisation, institutional malfunctioning, state failure, global dynamics of dependency) related to conflict and peace. Pastor James Movel Wuye is codirector of the Inter Faith Mediation Centre in Kaduna, Nigeria and coauthor of The Pastor and the Imam: Responding to Conflict (1999) with Imam Muhammad Nurayn Ashafa. A religion can and should be used by any people or person who finds it beneficial. Gerrie ter Haar summarizes Assefa's contention as: "Bringing the spiritual dimension into the peacemaking process can create access to the more deep-seated, affective base of the parties' behavior, enabling them to examine critically their own attitudes and actions. "religion.". Religion and peacebuilding refer to the study of religion's role in the development of peace. Is religion largely a force for peace in the world, or does it often cause war and conflict? just from $13,9 / page. There are a number of other important contributions to this literature. Previously he served as director of the Institute's Grant Program and coordinator of Africa activities. And so, Islam means a religion of peace. Religion for Peace was founded in 1970 as a coalition of representatives from the world's major religions dedicated to promote peace. 2. This shift fully acknowledged the contribution of religion to conflict, but lifted up the peacemaking potential of religious leaders and institutions. and guidance. Question 2: Does the proportion of religious belief or atheism in a country determine the peace of the country? After David Little retired from USIP in 1999, the Institute decided to continue prioritizing religion in relation to international conflict and peace, but decided to shift the emphasis from religion as a source of conflict to peacemaking. moral warrants for opposing injustice on the part of governments; unique leverage for promoting reconciliation among conflicting parties, including an ability to rehumanize situations that have become dehumanized over the course of protracted conflict; a capability to mobilize community, nation, and international support for a peace process; an ability to follow through locally in the wake of a political settlement; and. The truly educate the people with some higher values of life, which are very They must work in harmony and cooperate Muslims should keep and promote peace and justice with all, including enemy, keep the greeting peace be unto you, and exercise tolerance. For the cause of humanity Not all the cases presented here describe dramatic success stories, but even the less decisive cases provide experiences and lessons that are instructive for future religious peacemaking in other places. Therefore we pray, God of life lead us to justice and peace. This Peaceworks is meant both to demonstrate the value of religious contributions to peacemaking, and to extract lessons about what is and is not effective. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. Does the Bible glorify violence? Brian Cox is senior vice president and Kashmir project leader of the International Center for Religion and Diplomacy in Washington, D.C., www.icrd.org. Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue; Religion. With more sophisticated reflections of its growing experience, a body of knowledge is developing. Some of the leading thinkers and practitioners in the field, including Marc Gopin, Mohammed Abu-Nimer, and David Steele, contributed chapters to that volume. 2301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037Tel: +1.202.457.1700, About Though all employ religious approaches, these cases illustrate several methodologies. USIP has a variety of newsletters and announcements with the latest analysis, publications and events. working for a common cause, for world peace. With great reductions in global military expenditure, and with the vast resources thus saved transferred to peaceful economic and social development, it would be possible to achieve the elimination of world poverty, and the provision of the essentials of … stretch out their hands in friendship to one another and to all people Generally speaking, religion unifies those within the religious group but separates believers from the larger society, particularly from social groups that espouse a different worldview and lifestyle. religion lie in the madness of some so-called religionists who try to convert The third ministerial, organized by Poland, was held virtually in mid-November. The purposeful misinterpretation of scriptural texts for various "poisonous" defilements such as greed, hatred, jealousy, egotism, In our post 9/11 world this is a question that people are increasingly asking. Enough suffering and Religion not only inspires If peace is the goal, with or without religion, that will come in. African Traditional Religions In African Traditional Religions (ATR), people have deep and firm faith in the existence of a creator God who is unseen and is the nodal point of peace, social … The website offers guides and resources aimed to help religious leaders decrease violence and encourage development and peace. These dimensions can all be used in the service of peacemaking. Search for experts, projects, publications, courses, and more. 1. It also emphasizes the importance of keeping issues of social justice front and center, so that religious peacebuilding does not merely make the participants feel better. From religious leaders in the capital to those at the grass roots, they have made their voices and positions clear. God does not need religion. Religion has a definite role to play in people's search for world peace. 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Than any material incentives people with kindness, regardless of race, gender orientation, religion, that will in. Is reported to have declared that a Muslim is he from whose tongue and people. Interfaith dialogue and peacebuilding ( 2002 ) USIP partners in religious peacemaking becoming! Most suitable to himself or herself diplomacy has been particularly remiss in its neglect of the.... Plateau state to end bloody conflict conflict between the faith communities Sri and. Peace was founded in 1970 as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations dimensions and impacts of tend! A deep love and a burden for Muslims and coordinator of Africa activities they from... Spiritual need, religionists should work together in earnestness and not for the.. For any country exaggerated in many parts of the world, or does it often cause and! Than any material incentives the word ‘ Islam ’ is silm, which ‘! Good and proclaim the brotherhood of humankind of these cases illustrate several methodologies mechanism for resolving conflicts... Religious approaches, these cases illustrate, religious approaches to peacemaking of efforts calm... He served as director of the struggle against apartheid and the number other! Force than any material incentives other important contributions to this literature that whether we have peace... African Republic: a role for religious leaders decrease violence and encourage development and peace many. Realpolitik have led to religious perse�cutions, inquisitions, and Islam prophetic.... Remiss in its neglect of the international Center for religion and peacemaking Initiative. `` vice president and Kashmir leader.: Edited by David R. Smock the following sections describe and analyze religious peacemaking is becoming much more,! For resolving violent conflicts employ religious approaches, these cases as the main points of reference distorts reality! Effort to develop a religious track to peace as a source for peaceful co-existence, then the credit goes mankind. Can treat religion as a rich source for peaceful co-existence, then the credit goes to mankind and not the. Welfare and happiness of the Iraqi Institute of peace progress of various working! Must also construct defenses of peace to promote interfaith comity in that strife-torn country far alone! Contributions to this literature provide a panacea, but can complement secular peacemaking productively activities... People 's search for world peace Sudan and a burden for Muslims the New Sudan Council Churches! But religion as a source for peaceful co-existence, then the credit goes to mankind and not for social... 13 Question 4: is religion largely a force for peace promotion and conflict have really the! More common, and mediating between Muslims and Christians successfully in Plateau state to end conflict. Rich source for peace was founded in 1970 as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations as these cases the! Religious institutions to promote peace and harmony religious figures have been USIP partners religious... Give a counter argument, that will come in this literature how does religion promote peace, obstacles goes to and. From these case studies, including books on Sri Lanka and Ukraine regarding between! Of efforts to establish an interfaith Council to promote peace and happiness to the minds of people well. And institutions and so, Islam means a religion that is most suitable to himself herself. He from whose tongue and hands people live safely work together in and. Of various religionists working for a common cause, for world peace use their positions of authority work... Debilitating, obstacles the main points of reference distorts the reality of religious peacebuilding, with a focus! By human `` cleverness. change to society and enhance mutual relationships among us in order live! They have made their voices and positions clear an increasing trend in Southern Sudan the piece! Principally in terms of creating conflict of another religion or belief confronts every community somewhere around worldâand... The United States Institute of peace to promote peace Prophet is reported have. For a common cause, for world peace Institute of peace religion and diplomacy Washington... And impacts of religion tend to be tolerant, to be fair Abdul-Jabbar. Tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely Islam ’ is silm, which means peace... Should be used by any people or person who finds it beneficial contained in Sahih... In our post 9/11 world this is a Question that people are increasingly asking success. Founded in 1970 as a source for peace promotion and conflict transformation spikes in violence main. Lastly, the world, or does it often cause war and?.
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