15+ Amazing Environmental Blogs of 2020 That You Must Subscribe To Today. Aforestation: By the process of a forestation establishment of new forests is one of the methods for soil conservation. Planning soil conservation is like having a large array of techniques and practices set out each in a separate pigeonhole. Methods of Conserving Environment. Methods and Techniques of Soil Conservation. Western and Central Himalayas have well-developed terrace farming. Many of the methods rely on providing some kind of cover for the soil to minimize evapotranspiration and direct soil exposure to heat and sun. Planting on land is the successful method for soil conservation. allocated for soil conservation but also a soil conservation service was established to carry out a program which grew and has continued until today. Soil Conservation is the name given to a handful of techniques aimed at preserving the soil. Biological methods: These employ the use of plant or vegetation cover. Such farming methods attempt to mimic the biology of barren lands. Structural methods have been considered the main focus of soil conservation by many implementing agencies. (ii) Step or terrace cultivation on slopes restricts erosion. Contour farming, crop rotation, strip cropping, choice of crops, mulching, cover crop, reforestation, mixed crop, wind breaks are major biological soil conservation methods. Sheet erosion results in the formation of gullies resulting in loss of underground soil. There are several methods of soil conservation that can be achieved through agricultural practices and measures you take at home. Baumhardt, H. Blanco-Canqui, in Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, 2014. Developing or maintaining riparian zones helps conserve soil, as these zone prevent soil erosion from the banks of rivers or streams. Soil conservation refers to the prevention of fertile soil loss due to erosion and other environmental factors. soil erosion continued unchecked, that the Soil Conservation and Rivers Control Act was passed in 1941. Crop Rotation is a tool that enables farmers to increase soil organic matter content, soil structure and rooting depth. The Four Methods of Soil Conservation May 21, 2020 / in News / by Zachary Dear Trees are an essential part of agriculture, and we’re not just talking about fruit trees: all types of deciduous and coniferous trees can protect topsoil, keeping crop yields high and the soil in good condition. ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Agronomic practices: Natural protection by growing vegetation in a manner that reduces soil loss. Soil erosion and infertility are caused by a number of negative farming practices. Soil conservation in hilly areas requires a well-planned and rational land use programme combined with engineering and cultural measures. Soil degradation is a serious global environmental problem and may be exacerbated by climate change. Soil-conservation farming involves no-till farming, "green manures" and other soil-enhancing practices which make it hard for the soils to be equalized. These include: Generally, most methods used for soil quality improvement and conservation, will also yield benefits to soil moisture conservation. Soil conservation and water conservation are achieved simultaneously and go hand-in-hand. The most popular measures are: • Lock and spill drains: This is a hillside ditch unique to Sri Lanka. Soil conservation practices are those farming operations and management strategies conducted with the goal to control soil erosion by preventing or limiting soil particle detachment and transport in water or air. This is where soil conservation comes in. Today, we discuss the topic of soil moisture conservation methods in agriculture farming.. A mixture of farming methods is one of the most appropriate ways for soil conservation. Today these techniques of soil and water conservation are being prac- ticed in many countries with much benefit to great numbers of people. In many parts of the country, monocropping is practised throughout the year. Soil conservation is the practice of protecting the soil against erosion or deterioration. Soil Conservation. It helps to This is Three methods of soil conservation include the prevention of soil erosion, reducing tillage and rotational grazing to prevent overgrazing. A feature on North Dakota farmer Gabe Brown, a leader of earth-wise soil conservation methods, made it clear that a lot of farmers are listening to his message. In these methods conservation is achieved by the use of plant vegetation over such as: Proper awareness about the need of conservation. Land Degradation Soil degradation is the decline in soil quality caused by its improper use, usually for agricultural, pastoral, industrial or urban purposes. Methods of soil conservation: The various methods for soil conservation may be broadly arranged into the following types: 1. The ditch is square in shape, placed across the slope with a Soil conservation is an important work of environmental conservation. The more prone to destruction a land is, the more efforts must be made to preserve its fertility. Model question based on soil conservation for UPSC Prelims. Control of landslides, flood, soil erosion helps to protect the land. Soil Moisture Conservation Methods, Techniques, Tips. Soil moistre available to plants at different depths during the vegetative phase of wheat growth, under three methods of soil preparation (Derpsch et al., 1991) Plate 75 shows the differences in the soil physical conditions from a residue-based zero tillage system and conventional tillage system on the same soil … Planting a rain garden: Rain garden refers to a small and shallow depression in your yard that you can use to gather stormwater in order for you to grow some wetland crops. Soil Conservation Methods. Methods of soil conservation: (i) Ploughing along the contour lines can decrease the speed o[ water flow down the slopes. The object of planning soil conservation is to make up a system by selecting a set of individual items which are each relevant to the conditions, … These practices include: crop rotation, reduced tillage, mulching, cover cropping and cross-slope farming. Introduction. This Act established catchment boards and enabled the appropriation of government and local body funds to assist with the construction of erosion control measures and flood protection works. Steep slopes may essentially be brought under permanent forests and gentle slopes should be terraced and valley bottom should be put under suitable agricultural crops. These include slash-and-burn farming methods, which destroy natural vegetation and inevitably strip entire ecosystems of fertile soil, as well as other unsustainable farming methods that use improper chemicals, additives, and even irrigation materials to cause irreconcilable soil damage. SOIL CONSERVATION METHODS THE VARIOUS METHODS OF SOIL CONSERVATION ARE: MULCHING CONTOUR BARRIERS ROCK DAM TERRACE FARMING INTER CROPPING CONTOUR PLOUGHING SHELTER BELTS MULCHING:The bare ground between plants is covered with a layer of organic matter like straw. Soil conservation stores more of the runoff from excess rainfall in the reservoir of the soil for subsequent crop use; and this much water is kept out of streams, thereby contributing to flood reduction. It is a huge issue in many parts of the world, and impacts communities in … The reasons? Soil loss and loss of soil fertility can be traced back to several causes, including over-use, erosion, salinization, and chemical contamination. Soil conservation is the prevention of soil loss from erosion or reduced fertility caused by over usage, ... What is Soil Conservation and 25+ Splendid Methods of Soil Conservation. Meanwhile, soil erosion was becoming recognized as a serious problem in many countries and large-scale soil-conservation programs were launched in Africa and, a few years later, in Australia. Afforestation, tree plantation, protection of pasture land help to conserve the soil. Soil-conservation farming. So strong tall plants are to be planted densely, as a boundary on the fields. Soil conservation are ways to make sure that the soil stays clean and not contaminated. Growing the same crop year after year will exhaust the soil of certain nutrients making it less and less fertile every year. in Energy Articles. Biological Methods:. This practice can initiate by eliminating the use of nitrogen fertiliser. The various methods of soil conservation are discussed in the following paragraphs: Crop Rotation. Each method requires specific considerations of the type of land and its use. Soil conservation efforts are mainly aimed at preventing soil erosion and keeping it conducive for plant growth. Planning of wind break trees: It is also one of method to check soil erosion. Methods of soil conservation can be grouped into the following categories: 1. Unreasonable use of land leads to a rapid depletion of soil, which in the end makes it completely unsuitable for agriculture. Soil conservation is a combination of all methods of management and land use that safeguard the soil against depletion or deterioration by natural or human-induced factors. This is practised for soil conservation on sloping lands exceeding 40% slope. Contouring and terracing are methods prescribed by the US Natural Resources Conservation Service. In this article, we will consider the types of soil erosion and methods of conservation. Qn 1: Among the statements given below, identify the correct statement(s): Organic farming has a role to play in soil conservation. Soil conservation practices are tools the farmer can use to prevent soil degradation and build organic matter. Slash-and-burn and other unsustainable procedures of subsistence farming have been practiced in … Agriculture Soil Conservation. Healthy soil is a must to grow the plants and other pulses so soil conservation also becomes important for the human race. R.L. Techniques for Soil Conservation. Conclusion Biological method of soil conservation is various ways of maintaining a cover of vegetation during the periods of high erosion threat. Three ways to conserve soil through agricultural means follow. Home Soil Conservation Methods: Home soil conservation methods are techniques that can be utilized at home to preserve & improve soil quality. Soil erosion, use of chemical pesticides and herbicides, unsustainable agricultural practices, excessive farming, water pollution and land pollution are some of the aspects upsetting the natural functions of the soil. “Soil conservation is the avoidance of soil loss from erosion or decreased fertility due to over use, acidification, salinization or alternative compound soil contamination. And keeping it conducive for plant growth considered the main focus of soil and water conservation are discussed the. H. Blanco-Canqui, in Encyclopedia of agriculture and Food Systems, 2014 wind break trees: it is also of! 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