The bark is brownish-gray to light gray and slightly rough (not fissured). Chinese privet is an aggressive and troublesome shrub and listed by the SC Exotic Pest Plant Council as a “severe threat” in South Carolina. Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. Where Found. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. One of the more popular species of privet is the so-called Glossy Privet which is native to the southern portion of China. Synonym(s): common Chinese privet, common privet, Chinese privet – The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. The Chinese herb 'Nu Zhen Zi' (Privet Fruit, Ligustrum) is Bitter, Sweet, Cool (or Neutral), goes to the KI, LIV, and is in 'Herbs that Tonify Yin'. Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Foliage can be pubescent along the underside of the midvein. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. It has become an invasive species in some areas where it has been introduced, such as urban areas in the southeastern United States. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. (5 cm) long. It produces toxic berries. [11], Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. [9], Ligustrum lucidum[2] and the variegated cultivar 'Excelsum Superbum'[10] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. (5 to 7.6 cm) long. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. Fruit are oval, fleshy, and less than 0.5 in. Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Ecological Threat Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. Chinese privet has evergreen to semi- Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clust… The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Lig… Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. Shade tolerant. Be careful not to confuse glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) with other species of privet such as Japanese privet, border privet, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), common privet, golden privet, and others. Evergreen shrub with spreading branches. Originally from China, Chinese privet is found throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and Midwestern North America. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. There are no native congeners in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United States (Pemberton 1996). Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species, Native Species That Resemble Chinese Privet, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land-Grant University System, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? Ligustrum sinense. Most make good container subjects. It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. County Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA. Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. Leaf scars are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar. History and use. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. like fruit. U.S. Habitat: Aggressive and troublesome invasives, often forming dense thickets, particularly in bottom-land forests and along fencerows, thus gaining access to forests, fields, and right-of-ways. Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Privet fruit are small, oblong-shaped berries that are dark blue or black. Known in that country as nu zhen zi, the fruit of this bush is one of the oldest herbal remedies in Chinese traditional medicine. Seed soil viability is about one year. Cambridge University Press. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. Chinese privet invades and damages native ecosystems. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. [12][13] Due to the belief in the berries' ability to nourish the liver, they are also used in the treatment of disorders of the eye involving red or dry eyes, blurred vision, and pain. [8], Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall and broad. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. Seed soil viability is about one year. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Monitoring the invasion of an exotic tree (, "Chinese Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum, Nu Zhen Zi) | Chinese Herbs Healing", "Ligustrum lucidum Ait. Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. N 01574. (5 cm) long. Present: AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA To see a county distribut… Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. Young twigs covered with fine hairs visible under a l0x hand lens. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Privet fruit is also effective for treating dizziness, fatigue, floaters and spots before the eyes, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), premature graying of hair, aching lower back, as well as macular degeneration. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. (0.5 to 1.5 cm) wide. Pollen can cause an allergic reaction in some people. The fruit ripens around September. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. Japanese privet is weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. Chinese Privet. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Glossy Privet Fruit Gordon Euryale Seed Great Burdock Achene Green Tangerine Peel Grosvenor Momordica Fruit Gypsum Hawthorn Fruit Heartleaf Houttuynia Herb Heterophylly Falsestarwort Root Himalayan Teasel Root Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed Herb ... Glossy Privet Fruit; Herb name (Chinese): ". Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. (2.5 to 6 cm) long, and 0.2 to 0.6 in. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. The fruit are ellipsoidal to nearly globose and are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters. Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. [14], Ligustrum lucidum killed as weeds in an Australian rainforest, Gavier-Pizarro, Gregorio I.; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Hoyos, Laura E.; Stewart, Susan I.; Huebner, Cynthia D.; Keuler, Nicholas S.; Radeloff, Volker C. 2012. At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses. It is commonly used as an ornamental shrub and for hedgerows. U.S. Glossy privet is a plant. The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. United States Land-Grant University System – Find your Land-Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). "The Names of Plants". This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, pollution, shade, dry conditions, and it cold hardy. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Gledhill, David (2008). Flowering occurs from April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters. Glossy privet is a plant. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina (Michx.) Fish and Wildlife Service, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual – Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC), Fire Effects Information System – USDA Forest Service, Element Stewardship Abstract – The Nature Conservancy, Invasive Plant Atlas of New England – University of Connecticut, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants – University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). The leaves are opposite, glossy dark green, 6–17 centimetres (2.4–6.7 in) long and 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) broad. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. Work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no for Agriculture Extension grant no 1852. Diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system Pemberton 1996 ), also called privet, Ligustrum sinense Prospects... 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