GLOBE : LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES 11 Figure 2.2 : Latitude Figure 2.3 : Important Latitudes and Heat Zones Do you know? Latitude (Akshansh) Latitudes are the parallel circles from the equator up to the north and south pole. Longitudes can be written with an E or W for east or west. Globe: a true model of the earth. Latitudes and Longitudes. Generally, latitudes are measured in degrees. But only one point lies on a particular pair of latitude and longitude. 91. 1° (degree) = 60’ (60 minutes) = 3600” (seconds). Latitudes. The first person to calculate the size of the earth was Eratosthenes. Equator . Latitude is defined as an equatorial reference plane. WhatsApp. We can see several horizontal and vertical lines drawn on the globe and map. Globe is fixed between two pivots. LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES . Latitude and longitude of Ghana. In part 3 of chapter 2, we will study about longitudes. 2. Equator:Imaginary line dividing globe into two equal parts. Latitude is a measurement of location north or south of the Equator. Latitudes and longitudes: Fun Facts. Each degree of latitude and longitude is divided into minutes and seconds. Latitudes or parallels have very important and close relation with sunlight, revolution, tilt at 23 1/2° angle and so on. Longitude and latitude lines measure the distance from the Earth's Equator or central axis - running east to west - and the Prime Meridian in Greenwich, England - running north to south. Globes come in different shapes and sizes. Example: The location of New Delhi is 28° N, 77° E. Latitude. And the location of a place on the earth can be mentioned in terms of latitudes and longitudes. Fig:Latitudes and Longitudes. The Equator is an imaginary line that runs around the center of the Earth from east to west. We will cover properties of 90°. And the location of a place on the earth can be mentioned in terms of latitudes and longitudes. Parallels of latitudes can be referred to as the parallel circles from the equator up to the poles. equal halves. The shape of the earth is ‘Geoid’. 4. We will cover Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic circle and Antarctic circle. IMPORTANT POINTS. It results in making June 21 the long­est day in Northern Hemisphere while December 22 the longest day in Southern Hemisphere. Class 6 Chapter Notes Chapter - Chapter 2: Globe Latitudes and Longitudes, Class 6, SST | EduRev Notes Summary and Exercise are very important for perfect preparation. The zero-degree latitude represents the equator. Latitude alludes to the horizontal lines that represent the distance of any point, north or south of the equator, its direction is east to west. Latitudes have N … Raju was very interested in coordinates. There are 90 southern latitudes and 90 northern latitudes and 180 eastern longitudes and 180 western longitudes. Contents. Tropic of Capricorn (23½° S) in the Southern Hemisphere. Then, we will also study about three different heat zones – Torrid zone, Temperate zones and Frigid zones. The equator is located at zero degrees latitude. Scroll down forGlobe Latitudes and Longitudes from NCERT Book Class 6 Geography & important study material. In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface. MCQ Type Extra Questions (1) The fridged zone lies near (a) The poles (b) The equator (c) The Tropic of cancer (d) The tropic of capricon. GRID . This network of intersecting lines is drawn to determine any particular location on the earth surface. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Its distance from the equator to either of the poles is almost one-fourth of a circle round the earth, it will measure ¼th of 360 degrees, that is 90°. Two points on earth can lie at the same latitude but still be far away from each other. Tropic of Cancer (23½° N) in the Northern Hemisphere. On the other hand, longitude implies the vertical lines indicating the distance of any point, east or west of the prime meridian, its direction is north to south. Importance of Latitudes and Longitudes. Latitudes and longitudes are expressed in degrees. These lines are the imaginary lines. Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes And Longitudes Class 6 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers. However, the increments of less than one degree can be expressed as a decimal or minutes and seconds. The shape of the earth is ‘Geoid’. The latitude is the position relative to the equator, specifying the north-south position. The distance from the equator to either of the poles is 1/4 th of a circle round the earth; it will measure 1/4 th of 360°, i.e. Therefore, the equator is an imaginary circular line and is a very important reference point to locate places on the earth. The equator is the largest, possible circle which can be draw around the earth. Similarly all points south of the equator are called ‘south latitudes’ Important Parallels of Latitude. Question 2. Answer: The face of the earth is divided into various parallel circles with respect to the equator on both sides at different angular distances. IMPORTANT LONGITUDES AND LATITUDES … Geography Class 6 Chapter 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes A globe is a true model of the earth. The Antarctic Circle . These imaginary lines are used for locating places and country on the map of the world. Latitude is an imaginary line that encircles the planet and runs parallel to the equator. The globes are of varying sizes and types. The next part talks about the other important latitudes. Inflatable globes are also available. This circle of latitude stretches through eight countries, including the United States, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Axis: needle fixed through the globe in a tilted manner. So latitudes and longitudes are helpful in locating a point on earth. The Arctic Circle marks the beginning area where the sun will not rise during winter solstice and will not set during summer solstice. Arctic Circle at 66½° north of the equator. Latitudes and longitudes help us in finding the exact location of the place on the Earth. Twitter. Lines of latitude or parallels of importance include: Tropic of Cancer at 23.5°N parallel, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5°S parallel, equator at 0°, Arctic Circle at 66.5°N parallel, Antarctic Circle at 66.5°S parallel. Describe the lines of latitude, their importance and use. For students, they can learn more about longitudes and latitudes by practicing on latitude and longitude worksheets so they can practice writing the estimated coordinates of each location or shape. By measuring the angle of the Pole Star from your place, you can know the latitude of your place. The countries, continents and oceans are shown in their respective sizes on the globe. Sun shines straight over Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2°N) on 21st June and over Tropic of Capri­corn (23 1/2°S) on 22nd December. USE OF LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES. Just as on a clock, each degree has 60 minutes, and each minute has 60 seconds. He knew that the location of each point on the Earth had a unique coordinate noting its latitudes and longitudes. There are many systems … Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes. Some of the worksheets below are Free Latitude And Longitude Worksheets, learn important vocabularies like navigation, latitude, longitude, equator, prime meridian, cardinal directions, compass and GPS with exercise like using your atlas, find the latitude and longitude of New York city, Philadelphia, Boston, Berlin, Tokyo, Rome, … Latitudes and longitudes together are called co-ordinates and help to understand the exact position of a point on the earth. Also after the chapter, you can get links to Class 6 Geography Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers etc. What Is the Equator? 3. Read here an important note on Latitude and Longitude of Earth. Pinterest. Through latitude and longitude, a traveler can tell his exact position on the Earth by marking one line east to west from the traveler's position and another from north to south. Latitudes and Longitudes Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary lines used to determine the location of a place on earth. Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 2 SST Pdf free download is part of Class 6 Social Science Notes for Quick Revision. It is a very important topic of Geography and is asked in various Defence Exams such as CDS, NDA, AFCAT, CAPF AC. NCERT Book Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Latitudes and Longitudes 31/05/2019 – Posted in: NCERT. Map of Ghana with coordinates . Globes can be very big or can be very small in size. Globe can be rotated in the same way as a top spin or potter’s wheel is rotated. It can be rotated around the pivots. Longitude is a similar measurement east or west of the Greenwich meridian. With these, you can find locations which becomes important, especially when you travel a lot so you know where you’re going. The equator depicts the zero degrees latitude. The intersection point is where the traveler is located. They are also called Latitudes and Longitudes. What is Latitude & Longitude? NT Desk - 2019-11-08. Besides the equator (0°), the North Pole (90°N) and the South Pole (90° S), there are four important parallels of latitudes– 1. Here we have given Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Notes. By. All three lines of latitude are significant in their relationship between Earth and the sun. Important Latitudes and Longitudes. TERMS YOU MUST KNOW . Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary lines used to determine the location of a place on earth. These lines are veiy important to decide the climate and temperature range of any place or region as the temperature goes on decreasing from the equator to polewards. They are usually measured in degrees. 0. What is the importance of Latitudes and Longitudes: Latitudes and longitudes cover the entire earth in the form of a geographical grid. Therefore, it is a very important reference point to locate a place on earth. 12 Important questions on Latitudes and Longitudes PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Longitudes and Latitudes; Important parallels of latitudes; Prime Meridian and Time Zones; Time Zone in India; Globe: Globe is a miniature model of the earth. Important Parallels of Latitude. Kedar Kulkarni . Latitudes are also known as parallels while longitudes are termed as meridians. Important Lines. LATITUDE:-It is a measure of angular distance of a given point from the equator. Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes. The longitude specifies the east-west position measured from a reference meridian (usually the Greenwich Prime Meridian). etc. Also, two distant points may lie on the same longitude. Facebook. Running in the opposite direction, north-south, the prime meridian is one of the most important lines of longitude on Earth. There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute. For convenience of numbering, the meridian of longitude passing through the Greenwich observatory (near London) has been adopted as the Prime Meridian by an international agreement and has been given the value of 0°. The latitude and longitude of Ghana have been calculated based on the geodetic datum WGS84. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. The seven important lines of latitude are the equator at 0 degrees, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south, Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north, Antarctic Circle at 66.5 degrees south, Arctic Circle at 66.5 degrees north, South Pole at 90 degrees south and North Pole at 90 degrees north. 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